Latest interface: 0.3.1
Latest system: 010
geckmeister
User

6 posts

Posted on 6 September 2015 @ 11:57
Hi,

I'm running ZFSguru as a home NAS server for over 3 years now.

Setup:

Powered by ZFSguru version 0.2.0-beta9
Running official system image 10.1-001 featuring FreeBSD 10.0-STABLE with ZFS v5000.
Running Root-on-ZFS distribution.

ASUS C60M1-I (AMD Brazos C-60 CPU) (lowered vcore in bios)
2x8 GB Crucial DDR3 1333mhz RAM
6x3TB RAID-Z2 (5x Seagate ST3000DM001 + 1x WD3000FYYX (=Dell J2W28))
OS + L2ARC = Corsair V64 SSD
PSU: BeQuiet E9-400W
IBM M1015 flashed to IT-mode
3x low rpm 1202mm fans

This nets me a 70W server, and with all 6 mechanical drivers spinned down rests at 36W
Drives auto spin down after 3600 seconds as instructed in the /etc/rc.conf

I was wondering if there are more tweaks to reduce this number? (every Watt counts! ;-))

Thanks in advance for the replies.
CiPHER
Developer

1199 posts

Posted on 6 September 2015 @ 14:40edited 14:41 29s
You are using an ATX power supply, which should not be necessary for your power budget i think. You might consider dropping it and using a PicoPSU instead. This will make some serious gains in most cases.

Your C60 should net about 12-15 watts idle i think. I like to start bare and then add things to see how much it adds to the total.

Your IBM M1015 also consumes about 8W, which is quite a lot. So then it is 20-23W. With the fans 25W, with SSD 26W. With ATX power supply 35W or something. So it is about right what you say.

Some pointers:

1. do you really need the IBM M1015? Your board has 6 SATA already so only one more needed for SSD. You could also partition your disks so that only disk1 has the OS on it, with a 10GB partition. Then the other drives can go in spindown.

2. your disks are not really power efficient, i like my WD Green 6TB drives for storing a shitload of data at only 3-4 watts idle; Your Seagate is not always idle because it does BGMS - Background Media Scanning. You do not need this feature for ZFS but it cannot be disabled. I do not like Seagate all that much.

3. your motherboard and CPU is rather old. Instead of doing hardware tweaks, you might consider going for a cheap but more modern board with internal DC-DC power supply. Such as the ASRock Q1900DC-ITX which is a rather cute board. I did some tests and you can go over the power budget spinning up multiple drives. But i suggest to avoid the IBM M1015.


Or think about two servers: one less power efficient that is usually offline, and one that is 24/7 online but has only one drive and is extremely power efficient. That is close to what i am using. Like: have a DC-DC board with one WD 6TB without redundancy, and sync it over the network with your less power efficient server.

This way you buy new stuff but still use the older stuff you have. You use less power because the old server is offline most of the time. Besides you also get faster quadcore processor instead of the very slow dualcore 1GHz the C60 offers. It has to run on its toes just to serve data across gigabit. But it is still useful with my proposition.


ASROCK Q1900DC-ITX

broken image

Note the small black round power-plug at the far left, that is how you supply power to this board. No ATX power supply needed!
geckmeister
User

6 posts

Posted on 6 September 2015 @ 15:19
Hi CiPHER,

Most of the hardware in this current setup was recuperated from other builds and therefore quite cheap in total cost.

It's true though that it is outdated to current standards!

Intresting tip about running 2 servers, 1 solely as 24/7 media server and the other (current server as backup).
I could make a nice case for it, as I would then have 2 ITX mobo's and 1 UCFF (Intel NUC I run as DC, DNS, DHCP & Printserver). So indeed something to think about as next project :)

Thank you for the tips!
CiPHER
Developer

1199 posts

Posted on 6 September 2015 @ 15:25
Sure and let me know if i can be of more help. I like to think about other people's builds. And builds like above are something i propose regularly on the Dutch techforums.

I am using these builds myself as well. I have quite a few of them. So let me know if i can help you more with anything.

Good luck! :)
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